John Wayne Biography

Birthday: 1907-05-26
Place of Birth: Winterset, Iowa
Height: 6' 4" (1.93 m)
Wiki Biography: John Wayne (born Marion Morrison) was the son of pharmacist Clyde Morrison and his wife Mary. Clyde developed a lung condition that required him to move his family from Iowa to the warmer climate of southern California, where they tried ranching in the Mojave Desert. Until the ranch failed, Marion and his younger brother Robert E. Morrison swam in an irrigation ditch and rode a horse to school. When the ranch failed, the family moved to Glendale, California, where Marion delivered medicines for his father, sold newspapers and had an Airedale dog named "Duke" (the source of his own nickname). He did well at school both academically and in football. When he narrowly failed admission to Annapolis he went to USC on a football scholarship 1925-7. Tom Mix got him a summer job as a prop man in exchange for football tickets. On the set he became close friends with director John Ford for whom, among others, he began doing bit parts, some billed as John Wayne. His first featured film was Men Without Women (1930). After more than 70 low-budget westerns and adventures, mostly routine, Wayne's career was stuck in a rut until Ford cast him in Stagecoach (1939), the movie that made him a star. He appeared in nearly 250 movies, many of epic proportions. From 1942-43 he was in a radio series, "The Three Sheets to the Wind", and in 1944 he helped found the Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals, a right-wing political organization, later becoming its President. His conservative political stance was also reflected in The Alamo (1960), which he produced, directed and starred in. His patriotic stand was enshrined in The Green Berets (1968) which he co-directed and starred in. Over the years Wayne was beset with health problems. In September 1964 he had a cancerous left lung removed; in March 1978 there was heart valve replacement surgery; and in January 1979 his stomach was removed. He received the Best Actor nomination for Sands of Iwo Jima (1949) and finally got the Oscar for his role as one-eyed Rooster Cogburn in True Grit (1969). A Congressional Gold Medal was struck in his honor in 1979. He is perhaps best remembered for his parts in Ford's cavalry trilogy - Fort Apache (1948), She Wore a Yellow Ribbon (1949) and Rio Grande (1950).

John WaynePhotos & Pictures

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TV Title Appeared As Year Genre
Screen Director's Playhouse John Wayne / ... 1955 Comedy
In Harm's Way Captain Rockwell 'Rock' Torrey 1965 Drama
How the West Was Won Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman 1979 Fantasy
Movies Title Appeared As Year Genre
The Big Trail Breck Coleman 1930 Adventure, Romance
Three Girls Lost Gordon Wales 1931
Girls Demand Excitement Peter Brooks 1931 Comedy, Romance
Range Feud Clint Turner 1931 Mystery, Romance
Maker of Men Dusty Rhodes 1931 Drama, Sport
Ride Him, Cowboy John Drury 1932 0, Fantasy
The Shadow of the Eagle Craig McCoy 1932 0, 0, Game Show
Texas Cyclone Steve Pickett 1932
Two-Fisted Law Duke 1932 Action, Romance
The Hurricane Express 1932 Action, Adventure, Crime
The Big Stampede 1932
Riders of Destiny Singin' Sandy Saunders 1933 0, Fantasy, 0
Rainbow Valley John Martin 1933 Fantasy
Somewhere in Sonora John Bishop 1933 0, Fantasy, 0
Sagebrush Trail John Brant (using alias John Smith) 1933 0, Biography, Fantasy
The Telegraph Trail John Trent 1933
His Private Secretary Dick Wallace 1933 Comedy, Romance
Baby Face Jimmy McCoy Jr. 1933 Drama
The Man from Monterey Captain John Holmes 1933
The Star Packer U.S. Marshal John Travers 1934 0, 0
The Trail Beyond Rod Drew 1934 0, Fantasy
The Man From Utah John Weston 1934 Fantasy, 0
The Lucky Texan Jerry Mason 1934 Romance
West of the Divide Ted Hayden aka Gat Ganns 1934 Romance
Randy Rides Alone Randy Bowers 1935 0
The Desert Trail 1935 0
The Lawless Frontier John Tobin 1935 0, Fantasy
Texas Terror John Higgins 1935 Action, Comedy, Drama
The Dawn Rider John Mason 1935
Paradise Canyon John Wyatt 1935 Crime
Sea Spoilers Bob Randall 1936
The Lawless Nineties John Tipton 1936
King of the Pecos John Clayborn 1936
The Lonely Trail Captain John Ashley 1936 Drama
Winds of the Wasteland John Blair 1936 Action, Comedy, Romance
Born to the West Dare Rudd 1937 Biography
California Straight Ahead Biff Smith 1937 Action, Drama, Romance
Idol of the Crowds 1937 Drama, Romance, Sport
Adventure's End Duke Slade 1937
Pals of the Saddle Stony Brooke 1938
Overland Stage Raiders Stony Brooke 1938
Santa Fe Stampede Stony Brooke 1938
Allegheny Uprising 1939 Fantasy, 0
Stagecoach Ringo Kid 1939 0
The Night Riders Stony Brooke 1939 History
New Frontier Stony Brooke 1939
Dark Command Bob Seton 1940 Romance
Three Faces West John Phillips 1940 Adventure, Drama, Romance
Seven Sinners Lt. Dan Brent 1940 Comedy, Drama, Romance
The Long Voyage Home Olsen 1940 Drama
A Man Betrayed Lynn Hollister 1941 Crime, Drama, Mystery
Lady from Louisiana John Reynolds 1941 Drama
The Shepherd of the Hills Young Matt 1941 Adventure, Drama
In Old California Tom Craig 1942 0, Biography
The Spoilers Roy Glennister 1942 Biography
Lady for a Night Jackson Morgan 1942 Drama, Romance
Reap the Wild Wind 1942 Action, Adventure
Flying Tigers Capt. Jim Gordon 1942 Action, Drama
Reunion in France Pat Talbot 1942 Drama, Romance
A Lady Takes a Chance Duke Hudkins 1943 Comedy, Romance
In Old Oklahoma Daniel F. Somers 1943
The Fighting Seabees Lt. Cmdr. Wedge Donovan 1944 Romance
Tall in the Saddle Rocklin 1944 Fantasy, 0, Game Show
They Were Expendable Lt. (J.G.) 'Rusty' Ryan 1945 0, 0
Back to Bataan Col. Joseph Madden 1945 Romance, 0
Flame of Barbary Coast Duke Fergus 1945 Biography, Fantasy
Dakota John Devlin 1945
Without Reservations 1946 Comedy, Romance
Angel and the Badman Quirt Evans 1947 Biography
Tycoon Johnny Munroe 1947 0, 0
Red River Thomas Dunson 1948 Fantasy, 0
Fort Apache Capt. Kirby York 1948
The Fighting Kentuckian John Breen 1949 0, Fantasy, Biography
She Wore a Yellow Ribbon Capt. Nathan Cutting Brittles 1949 Fantasy, 0
Wake of the Red Witch Capt. Ralls 1949 Action, Adventure, Drama
Sands of Iwo Jima Sgt. John M. Stryker 1950 Action, Drama
Rio Grande Lt. Col. Kirby Yorke 1950 Romance
Operation Pacific Lt Cmdr. Duke E. Gifford 1951 Romance, 0
Flying Leathernecks Maj. Daniel Xavier Kirby 1951 0, 0
The Quiet Man Sean Thornton 1952 0, Biography
Big Jim McLain Jim McLain 1952 Action, Crime, Drama
Trouble Along the Way Stephen 'Steve' Aloysius Williams 1953 0
Island in the Sky Capt. Dooley 1953 Adventure, Drama
Hondo Hondo Lane 1953
The High and the Mighty Dan Roman 1954 Action, Adventure, Drama
Blood Alley Capt. Tom Wilder 1955 0, Game Show
The Sea Chase 1955 0, Romance
The Searchers Ethan Edwards 1956
The Wings of Eagles Frank W. 'Spig' Wead 1957 Drama
Jet Pilot Col. Shannon 1957
Legend of the Lost Joe January 1957 Action, Adventure, Drama
The Barbarian and the Geisha Townsend Harris 1958 0
The Horse Soldiers Col. John Marlowe 1959 Romance, Fantasy
Rio Bravo Sheriff John T. Chance 1959 Romance, Drama
The Alamo Col. Davy Crockett 1960 Action, Adventure, Drama
North to Alaska Sam McCord 1960 Comedy
The Comancheros Ranger Capt. Jake Cutter 1961 Action, Adventure
How the West Was Won Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman 1962 0, Fantasy
The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance Tom Doniphon 1962 Drama, Romance
Circus World Matt Masters 1964 Drama
In Harm's Way Capt. Rockwell Torrey 1965
The Sons of Katie Elder John Elder 1965
The War Wagon Taw Jackson 1967 Action
The Green Berets 1968 Action, Drama
Hellfighters Chance Buckman 1968 Action, Adventure, Romance
The Undefeated Col. John Henry Thomas 1969 Action, Adventure, Drama
Chisum John Chisum 1970
Rio Lobo Col. Cord McNally 1970 Adventure, Romance
Big Jake Jacob McCandles 1971 Action
The Cowboys Wil Anderson 1972 0, 0, Fantasy
Cahill U.S. Marshal 1973 Fantasy
The Train Robbers Lane 1973 0, Fantasy, 0, 0
McQ McQ 1974 Comedy, 0
Rooster Cogburn Rooster Cogburn 1975
Brannigan Lt. Brannigan 1975 0, Comedy, 0, Game Show
The Shootist 1976 Fantasy, 0
Night Riders 1981
Blue Steel John Carruthers 1990 Game Show, 0, 0
L'affaire Farewell Tom Doniphon 2009 Drama, Thriller
Lawless Range John Middleton, aka John Allen 2016 Fantasy, 0